School Students with Disability

Distribution of students with disability
Notes and caveats

The Nationally Consistent Collection of Data (NCCD) on School Students with Disability identifies students who received an educational adjustment due to disability. Through this collection, teachers use their professional judgement based on evidence to capture information on:
the level of adjustment that students with disability are being provided to enable them to participate in education on the same basis as other students:
- support within quality differentiated teaching practice (QDTP)
- supplementary
- substantial
- extensive
the broad category of disability under which each student best fits:
- physical
- cognitive
- sensory
- social/emotional
The collection is based on the broad definition of disability used in the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (DDA) and the Disability Standards for Education 2005.


Notes and caveats

    • The collection has been designed to collect information on the full range of students who receive adjustments to support their access and participation in learning because of disability as defined in the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (DDA). Students with a medical diagnosis are a subset of those students who meet the definition of disability under the DDA and as a result, higher numbers of students are reported through the collection than in other data collections on students with disability.
    • The collection is still in the early stages of implementation, with 2016 being only the second year in which almost all schools have participated in the collection. It will take time to embed understanding of the collection model across all Australian schools and ensure accuracy and consistency in decision making.
    • Independent reviews of the quality of the data by PricewaterhouseCoopers has found that schools’ level of understanding of the collection model, the DDA and the Disability Standards for Education 2005 contributes directly to the quality of the data collected.
    • Where a student has multiple disabilities, for the purposes of this collection they are only counted in one disability category; the one that most drives the educational adjustments provided for them. Consequently, the data may under-represent the prevalence of some categories of disability.
    • Disaggregations by Level of Adjustment within Category of Disability are only available for total Australia.
    • Published reports on students in Australian schools receiving adjustments for disability can be found on the Education Council website: www.educationcouncil.edu.au/EC-Reports-and-Publications.aspx
    • For further information on levels of adjustment and data collection model, refer to the NCCD Guidelines 2016 on the Australian Government Department of Education and Training website: www.education.gov.au/students-disability