Enrolment rates

Number and proportion of the population aged 6–15 years enrolled in school
Enrolment rates dataset
Notes and caveats

These data include the number of students aged 6–15 years enrolled by state and territory over time.

Key Performance Measure 1(a) Enrolment. Proportion of children aged 6–15 years who are enrolled in school.

Two sources are available to measure this KPM: 

    • On an annual basis, the National Schools Statistics Collection (NSSC) counts the number of students enrolled in all schools in Australia. This is collected through the schools census undertaken in the first week of August.  This count is divided by the Estimated Resident Population (ERP) as at June 30 in that year sourced from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).
    • On a five-yearly basis, the count of persons aged 6–15 years from the ABS Census of Population and Housing who are reported as attending a school is divided by the total persons in that age group (excluding any item non-responses).


Enrolment rates dataset

Download the Enrolment rates dataset

Notes and caveats

    • Enrolment data are drawn from the National Schools Statistics Collection (NSSC) collected in August each year and published in ABS, Cat. No. 4221.0, Schools, Australia.
    • This count includes students enrolled full-time or part-time in schools located in a state or territory. Jervis Bay enrolments are included with ACT; Norfolk Island enrolments are included with NSW. 'Other territory' enrolments are excluded. Data include students who reside in other jurisdictions and cross state and territory boundaries to attend school. In the case of ACT this causes the proportion to significantly exceed 100 per cent.
    • Estimates for the resident population are at 30 June each year and are sourced from the most recent release of ABS, Cat. No. 3101.0, Australian Demographic Statistics. These are estimated by projection from the five-yearly Australian Census of Population and Housing. As estimates, ERP figures are subject to error and to periodic revision. ERP data may differ from data in previous editions of the National Report on Schooling in Australia  and in other publications. The Australian totals include 'other territories' including Jervis Bay and Norfolk Island. However, Jervis Bay and Norfolk Island are excluded from the ACT and NSW totals. Therefore, state and territory ERP numbers will not sum to Australian totals.
    • The numerator and denominator for the enrolment rate (Census) are both sourced from the five-yearly Australian Census of Population and Housing. Therefore the rate reported will not exceed 100 percent. However, because of exclusions in the data, especially for item non-responses, the Census data understate both the actual number of school students and the target population. In addition, enrolled students are counted within the state of their usual residence rather than the state in which they attend school. Enrolment counts will therefore differ between the data sources. Because of these factors, only the rate calculated using Census data is reported.
    • The "population" estimate used in the Census of Population and Housing is the count of persons usually resident rather than the ABS "Estimated Resident Population" series which includes usual residents missed in the Census. For more information on these differences please see Understanding different population counts.
    • Jurisdictions have agreed that this KPM will be reported at national and state/territory level only.

Sources: ABS, Cat. No. 4221.0, Schools, Australia; ABS, Cat. No. 3101.0, Australian Demographic Statistics (release date 14/12/2017, based on the 2016 Census of Population and Housing); ABS, Australian Census of Population and Housing, 2006, 2011 and 2016


This information relates to Part 3 of the National Report on Schooling in Australia.

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