National Report on Schooling in Australia 2009

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander education

7.1 Enrolment

The proportion of children of compulsory school age who are enrolled in school is a basic measure of the reach and coverage of Australian schooling. It is specified as a performance indicator for schooling in the National Education Agreement  and is a new Key Performance Measure (KPM) in the Measurement Framework for Schooling in Australia.

This measure, specified as the number of students aged six to 15 years enrolled in school, expressed as a proportion of the six to 15-year-old population, is reported in Table 7.1.

Key Performance Measure 7 (a)

  Table 7.1        Number and proportion of children aged 6 to 15 years enrolled in school(a)(b) by Indigenous status(c), 2008 and 2009

 

Unit

Australia

Indigenous children

 

2008

2009

Total 6 to15-year-old population

no.

130,061

129,733

Number of children aged 6 to 15 years enrolled in school

no.

126,934

129,953

Proportion of 6 to 15-year-old population enrolled in school

%

97.6

100.2

Non-Indigenous children

     

Total 6 to 15-year-old population

no.

2,644,873

2,653,266

Number of children aged 6 to 15 years enrolled in school

no.

2,612,271

2,618,783

Proportion of 6 to 15-year-old population enrolled in school

%

98.8

98.7

All children

     

Total 6 to 15-year-old population

no.

2,774,934

2,782,999

Number of children aged 6 to 15 years enrolled in school

no.

2,739,205

2,748,736

Proportion of 6 to 15-year-old population enrolled in school

%

98.7

98.8

(a) There are several factors influencing the reason why the proportion of students relative to the population can exceed 100%. These factors may include cross-border enrolments and migration (interstate/international). In particular for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, analysis has shown this population has a higher dual-enrolment occurrence across multiple schools, government and non-government sectors and jurisdictions, which would impact on the percentages represented. Data includes children enrolled full-time or part-time. Jervis Bay enrolments are included with ACT; Norfolk Island enrolments are included with NSW. 'Other territory' enrolments are excluded.

(b) Estimates for the total population are sourced from the most recently available ABS, Cat. No. 3201.0, Population by Age and Sex, 30 June 2010. The Australia total includes 'other territories' including Jervis Bay and Norfolk Island. However, Jervis Bay and Norfolk Island are excluded from ACT and NSW totals. Therefore, state and territory Estimated Resident Population numbers will not add to Australia totals.

(c) Non-Indigenous estimates are available for census years only. In the intervening years, Indigenous population figures are derived from assumptions about past and future levels of fertility, mortality and migration. In the absence of non-Indigenous population figures for these years, it is possible to derive denominators for calculating non-Indigenous rates by subtracting the Indigenous population from the total population. Such figures have a degree of uncertainty and should be used with caution, particularly as the time from the base year of the projection series increases. Information on non-sampling error that may affect the population data is available from the Population by Age and Sex, Australian States and Territories, June 2010, Quality Declaration Summary (ABS Cat. No. 3201.0). There is also some variability in the reporting of Indigenous status across jurisdictional education providers, particularly in relation to ‘not stated’ responses. This may result in some under-reporting of Indigenous status; see Appendix 2: Collection of Indigenous Status of Students, Cat. No. 4221.0, 2009.

Sources: ABS, Cat. No. 4221.0, Schools, Australia, 2010; ABS, Cat. No. 3201.0, Population by Age and Sex, Australian States and Territories, June 2010; ABS, Cat. No. 3238.0, Experimental Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians 1991–2021.

See also Additional Statistics Table 49

 

Table 7.2        Number and proportion of Indigenous students (full-time plus part-time) enrolled in schools by school level and
                         sector(a)(b)(c)(d),  2009

Sector

 

Government

Catholic

Independent

Total

 

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Primary

86,888

88.1

8,330

8.4

3,392

3.4

98,610

62.9

Junior secondary

36,404

82.3

4,403

10.0

3,437

7.8

44,244

28.2

Senior secondary

11,034

79.8

1,537

11.1

1,261

9.1

13,832

8.8

Total secondary

47,438

81.7

5,940

10.2

4,698

8.1

58,076

37.1

Total

134,326

85.7

14,270

9.1

8,090

5.2

156,686

100.0

Note:

Data are based on the (non-finance) National Schools Statistics Collection (NSSC), which is a joint undertaking  of the various State and Territory departments of education, the Australian Government Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR), the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and the Ministerial Council for Education, Early Childhood Development and Youth Affairs (MCEECDYA). All data are as at August 2010.

(a) Students attending special schools are allocated to either primary or secondary education on the basis of grade level where identified. Where schools identify students as receiving primary or secondary level of education, students are thus assigned. Students with a grade level not identified are allocated to primary or secondary level of education according to the typical age level in each State or Territory.

(b) Primary education comprises a pre-Year 1 grade followed by Years 1 to 6 in NSW, Victoria, Tasmania, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. In Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia, primary education comprises a pre-Year 1 grade followed by Years 1 to 7.

(c) Junior secondary is the years from commencement of secondary school to Year 10, including ungraded secondary.

(d) Senior secondary includes Years 11 and 12.

Source: ABS, Cat. No. 4221.0, Schools, Australia, 2010

Additional Statistics Table 50 reports full-time and part-time enrolments by Indigenous status in 2009 by State and Territory as well as by school sector and level.

In 2009, more than four-fifths (86%) of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students were enrolled in government schools, almost one-tenth (9%) of students were enrolled in Catholic schools and the remainder (5%) attended independent schools.
 

Figure 7.1       Proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students (full-time plus part-time) enrolled by school sector,
                         Australia, 2009

Proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islande

At approximately 65 and 58 per cent respectively, the proportions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary school students enrolled in government and Catholic schools in 2009 were higher than those of secondary students. For independent schools, however, the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students was higher for secondary students (58%).

Figure 7.2       Number of Indigenous students enrolled by school level and sector, Australia, 2009

Number of Indigenous students enrolled by school l  

 

Figure 7.3       Enrolment by sector and Indigenous status, Australia, 2009

Enrolment by sector and Indigenous status

 

Table 7.3        Number and full-time equivalent (FTE) of part-time Indigenous students, by level of education(d) , Australia, 2005–2009(e)

 

 

 

Primary(a)

Junior secondary(b)

Senior secondary(c)

Total secondary

Total

 

 

 

No.

FTE

No.

FTE

No.

FTE

No.

FTE

No.

FTE

Total 2009

358

155.9

196

108.5

599

321.4

795

429.9

1,153

585.8

Total 2008

277

108.1

198

90.4

465

253.7

663

344.1

940

452.2

Total 2007

210

76.9

417

183.6

604

306.3

1,021

489.9

1,231

566.8

Total 2006

91

41.7

478

216.3

737

340.8

1,215

557.1

1,306

598.8

Total 2005

96

42.0

389

188.2

673

338.1

1,062

526.3

1,158

568.3

(a) Primary education comprises a pre-Year 1 grade followed by Years 1 to 6 in NSW, Vic., Tas., NT and ACT. In Qld, SA and WA, primary education comprises a pre-Year 1 grade followed by Years 1 to 7.

(b) Junior secondary is the years from commencement of secondary school to Year 10, including ungraded secondary.

(c) Senior secondary includes Years 11 and 12.

(d) Students attending special schools are allocated to either primary or secondary education on the basis of grade level where identified. Where schools identify students as receiving primary or secondary level of education, students are thus assigned. Students with a grade level not identified are allocated to primary or secondary level of education according to the typical age level in each State or Territory.

(e) Issues that may affect comparability over time can be found in Explanatory Notes of the source publication.

Source: ABS, Cat. No. 4221.0, Schools, Australia, 2010

See also Additional Statistics Table 51 

 


Table 7.4               Number of Indigenous students (full-time and part-time enrolled) by sector, Australia, 20052009

 

Government

Catholic

Independent

Total

2005

118,576

11,444

6,235

136,255

2006

122,872

12,074

6,749

141,695

2007

128,471

12,951

6,990

148,412

2008

131,428

13,536

7,644

152,608

2009

134,326

14,270

8,090

156,686

Note:

Data are based on the National Schools Statistics Collection (NSSC), which is a joint undertaking of the various State and Territory departments of education, the Australian Government Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR), the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and the Ministerial Council for Education, Early Childhood Development and Youth Affairs (MCEECDYA). All data are as at August 2010 and may differ from those in previous publications.

Issues that may affect comparability over time can be found in the Explanatory Notes of the source publication.

Source: ABS, Cat. No. 4221.0, Schools, Australia, 2010

 

Figure 7.4       Number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students enrolled by school sector, Australia, 20052009

 

Number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander st