National Report on Schooling in Australia 2013

Senior schooling and youth transitions

6.2 Participation in education and work


The key performance measures (KPMs) for participation specified in the Measurement Framework for Schooling in Australia 2012 reflect not only the participation of young Australians in schooling, but their participation in post-school education, training and employment. These are indicators of the success of schooling in preparing students for further education and work. As such, they address both the Melbourne Declaration commitment to facilitate effective transitions, and the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) National Education Agreement (NEA) outcome that young people make a successful transition from school to work and further study.

KPMs 1(f) and 1(g) measure the full-time participation in education, training and employment of two groups of young people. Full-time participation is defined as participation in full-time education or training, or full-time work, or a combination of both part-time education or training and part-time work. The measures are based on the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Survey of Education and Work, which is conducted in May each year.

KPM 1(f) measures the full-time participation of young people from the age of 15–19, and includes students who are still at school. It also includes 15–19-year-olds who have left school and have moved into tertiary study or the workforce. KPM 1(g) measures the full-time participation of 20–24-year-olds, who may be undertaking vocational education and training (VET) or university study, working, or a combination of these activities. KPMs 1(f) and 1(g) are shown for the period 2009–2013 in table 6.6.

Key performance measure 1(f) Proportion of 15–19-year-olds in full-time education or training, in full-time work, or both in part-time work and part-time education or training

Table 6.6 Proportions of 15–19-year-olds and 20–24-year-olds in full-time education or training, in full- time work, or both in part-time work and part-time education or training, Australia, 2009–2013 (%)

Table 6.6 Proportions of 15–19-year-olds and 20–24-year-olds in full-time education or training, in full- time work, or both in part-time work and part-time education or training, Australia, 2009–2013 (%)


Notes:

CI = Confidence Interval

The percentages reported in this table include 95 per cent confidence intervals. Confidence intervals are a way of expressing the degree of sampling and measurement error associated with survey estimates. For example, an estimate of 80 with a 95 per cent confidence interval of ±2 means that if the total population were surveyed rather than a sample, there is a 95 per cent chance that the result would lie between 78 and 82.

Full-time participation is defined as participation in full-time education or training or full-time work, or a combination of both part-time education or training and part-time work.

From 2012, data cubes on participation and engagement published by ABS to report the results of the Survey of Education and Work have been limited to study for a qualification only, instead of all study. This change affects the data cubes:

• Formal study, persons aged 15–64 years; and
• Fully engaged through formal study and/or employment, persons aged 15–64 years.

The sample in the Survey of Education and Work was expanded in 2013 to include people who were permanently unable to work. This may result in slightly lower participation rates than would otherwise be the case.

Source: ABS, Cat. No. 6227.0, Education and Work, May 2013

See also Part 9: Additional statistics, table 24 and table 25


As shown in table 6.6, full-time participation rates for young people in their mid–late teens were consistently higher than for those in their early to mid-20s. This is to be expected, as the 15–19-year age group includes a high proportion of full-time school students. In particular, it includes 15- and 16-year-olds who, from 2010 were subject to the National Youth Participation Requirement 1 for all young people to participate in schooling until they complete Year 10, and to participate full-time in education, training or employment, or a combination of these activities, until the age of 17.

Since 2009, there has been an apparent increase in participation for 15–19-year-olds but, based on the Survey of Education and Work, a fall in participation rates for 20–24-year-olds. 2

Figure 6.2 illustrates KPMs 1(f) and 1(g) over the period 2009–2013.

Key performance measures 1(f) and 1(g)

Figure 6.2 Proportions of 15–19-year-olds and 20–24-year-olds in full-time education or training,
in full-time work, or both in part-time work and part-time education or training, Australia, 2009–13 (per cent)

Figure 6.2 Proportions of 15–19-year-olds and 20–24-year-olds in full-time education or training, in full-time work, or both in part-time work and part-time education or training, Australia, 2009–13 (per cent)


Source: ABS, Cat. No. 6227.0, Education and Work, May 2013

The National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) has estimated that 81.3 per cent of 15–19-year-olds were engaged in education and training as at August 2013. This included school students (55.4 per cent), higher education students (15.6 per cent), publicly funded VET students (5.3 per cent) and apprentices and trainees (5.1 per cent) 3. This estimate rose from 75.9 per cent in 2009 to 81.9 per cent in 2012 with a slight fall to 81.3 per cent in 2013 4.







1 The National Youth Participation Requirement is a component of the National Partnership on Youth Attainment and Transitions. Further information is provided in Part 2.5: Supporting senior years of schooling and youth transitions.

2 Falls in participation rates 2012–2013 are partly due to the expansion of the sample population of the Survey of Education and Work in 2013 to include people who were permanently unable to work.

3 NCVER, Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: young people in education and training 2013; see also Part 9: Additional statistics, table 21

4 NCVER, Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: young people in education and training 2009; 2010; 2011; 2012.

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