National Report on Schooling in Australia 2013
Funding Australia’s schools
8.5 Capital expenditure
State and territory capital expenditure for government schools
As shown in Table 8.9, capital expenditure by state and territory governments in government schools was $1.9 billion in 2013 (the 2012–13 financial year).
This table combines funding provided from the Australian Government and state and territory sourced funding. It should be noted that it is not possible to separate this funding following the Australian Government’s decision in 2009 to amalgamate specific purpose capital funding with a broad recurrent specific purpose payment under the Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) on Federal Financial Relations.
As Table 8.9 shows, there was an increased level of capital expenditure over the period 2008-09 to 2010-11. This expenditure has since dropped, as by the close of 2011, the majority of projects funded under the Australian Government’s Building the Education Revolution program were completed physically and financially in government and non-government schools. Only a relatively minor part of this program’s works required finalisation after 2011.
The variations in capital expenditure reflect both:
• the Australian Government’s injection of capital funds under the Investing in Our Schools Program, Building the Education Revolution (BER), the Trade Training Centres and the Digital Education Revolution National Partnerships. (The National Partnership Agreement on the Nation Building and Jobs Plan, including the BER, expired in December 2012.)
• specific initiatives by various state and territory governments to invest in school infrastructure.
Capital funding and expenditure will, by their nature, reflect the need for capital infrastructure development and building programs associated with growth cycles in enrolments generally, and more specifically, in growth regions and corridors in a state or territory, as well as having regard to the age and condition of existing capital stock. By contrast, changes in recurrent expenditure will reflect the ongoing teaching and curriculum costs associated with schools and be relatively smoother in nature.
Table 8.9 Capital expenditure by state and territory governments in government schools, Australia, 2008–09 to 2012–13 financial years (accrual basis) ($'000)
Figures include Australian Government capital grants contributions.
Components may not add to totals due to rounding.
Sources: SCSEEC, National Schools Statistics Collection, 2013; National Report on Schooling in Australia, 2009–13
See also Part 9: Additional Statistics Table 49
Australian Government capital funding
Table 8.10 provides a summary of Australian Government capital funding in 2012.
The previous Specific Purpose Program capital element was rolled into the National Schools Specific Purpose Payment (recurrent funds) for government schools under the COAG arrangements that commenced in 2009. These funds can now be used flexibly by jurisdictions for either capital or recurrent purposes. Capital funding continues as a separate program for the non-government sector.
There are also National Partnership funded programs which incorporate programs of a capital nature. The Trade Training Centres and Digital Education Revolution Australian Government capital-funded programs are appropriated under the Federal Financial Relations Act 2009 and expended by states and territories through both recurrent and capital accounts based on the nature of the expenditure and the capitalisation thresholds that apply.
Table 8.10 Australian Government specific purpose payments for schools by government/
non-government, capital, Australia, 2012–13 financial year (accrual basis) ($'000)
(a) From 1 January 2009 capital expenditure for government schools is included in the National Schools SPP. For consistency, the National Schools SPP for non-government schools includes grants totalling $135.0m.
(b) The Trade Training Centres in Schools Program operates as a 'deemed' national partnership through 'Overarching Funding Agreements' with all government and non-government education authorities.
Sources: Australian Government Department of Education and Training (formerly Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR)), Final Budget Outcome (FBO) 2012–13, pp. 82–3; SCRGSP (Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision) 2015, Report on Government Services 2015, (ROGS), Table 4A.9.
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