National Report on Schooling in Australia 2013
Funding Australia’s schools
8.2 An overview of government funding of schools in 2013
The Australian Government funding arrangements applying from 2009 were agreed by all governments under the Council of Australian Governments (COAG). Specified in the Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) on Federal Financial Relations
, these arrangements are outlined in Part 8.1: Funding arrangements in 2013
that detail Australian Government school funding for 2013 (2012–13 expenditure).
Federal and state and territory government recurrent expenditure on school education in Australia for 2013 was $48.0 billion. This is illustrated in Figure 8.1, broken down by government funding sources.
Figure 8.1 Recurrent government funding for school education, Australia, 2012–13 (accrual basis)
Depreciation and user cost of capital expenses relating to government schools have been attributed to states/territories based on ownership of the underlying assets. A portion of these assets will have been acquired through Australian Government capital contributions, with states and territories responsible for maintenance costs. Australian Government expenditure data in this table include only Australian Government specific purpose payments. Other Australian Government funding for schools and students is not included.
Student numbers are 2012–13 average full-time equivalent (FTE) student populations.
Sources: SCRGSP (Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision) 2015, Report on Government Services 2015, Productivity Commission, Canberra. Table 4A. 7; SCSEEC, National Schools Statistics Collection (NSSC), 2013
See also Part 9: Additional Statistics Table 49, Table 55 and Table 60
Growth in recurrent funding between 2012 and 2013 is outlined as follows:
• All schools
expenditure increased by 1.8 per cent.
Operating expenditure rose from $47.1 billion in 2011–12 to $48.0 billion in 2012–13, an increase of $0.8 billion.
• Government school sector
expenditure increased by 0.9 per cent.
Operating expenditure rose from $36.5 billion in 2011–12 to $36.9 billion in 2012–13, an increase of $0.3 billion.
• Non-government school sector
expenditure increased by 5.0 per cent.
Operating expenditure rose from $10.6 billion in 2010–11 to $11.1 billion in 2011–12, an increase of $0.5 billion.
In 2013, the government school sector received 76.9 per cent of recurrent government funding while the non-government sector received 23.1 per cent.
Total government school education funding, on a student per capita basis, was on average $15,703 for the government sector and $8,812 for the non-government sector.
Table 8.1 below indicates the total government funding and student per capita funding from Australian and state/territory levels of government to the government and non-government sectors.
Table 8.1 Recurrent government funding for school education, Australia, 2012–13 financial year (accrual basis)
(a) Average number of full-time equivalent (FTE) students, 2012 and 2013 calendar years. See Part 10: Glossary
for definition of FTE.
Components may not add to totals due to rounding.
Sources: SCRGSP (Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision) 2015, Report on Government Services 2015, Productivity Commission, Canberra., Tables 4A.6, 4A.8, 4A.13, 4A.16 and 4A.18; SCSEEC, National Schools Statistics Collection (NSSC), 2013
See also Part 9: Additional Statistics Table 49, Table 50 and Table 51
Total government funding per student over the past five years is outlined in the graph and table, Figure 8.2. This shows government school per student recurrent funding increasing over the period from 2008-09 to 2011-12 at a greater rate than for the non-government school sector and then levelling out in 2011-12 as the Building Education Revolution and the Digital Education Revolution National Partnerships reached its completion.
The growth in government school student per capita recurrent funding reflects award increases, government initiatives and also incorporates the changes in funding arrangements under the Federal Financial Relations Act 2009 by the Australian Government from 1 January 2009 when there was an increase in government funding per primary student, a new broadbanded specific purpose payment, which included former capital funding in the recurrent base, and national partnership funding.
Funding movements within and between government and non-government schooling also reflect student profiles and related targeted needs funding.
Figure 8.2 Total government per capita recurrent funding, government and non-government schools, 2008–09 to 2012–13 (actual $ per FTE)
Sources: SCRGSP (Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision) 2015, Report on Government Services 2015, Productivity Commission, Canberra., Tables 4A.13, 4A.16; MCEECDYA/SCSEEC, National Schools Statistics Collection (NSSC), 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
See also Part 9: Additional Statistics Table 49, Table 50 and Table 51 for government school data.
Table 8.2 reflects the Australian Government’s funding arrangements that commenced in 2009, which incorporate National Schools SPP and national partnership funding; and the Nation Building and Jobs Plan, which incorporates Building the Education Revolution. This then levels out in 2011-12 as the Building Education Revolution reached completion. The Nation Building and Jobs Plan program includes recurrent and capital expenditure elements.
Table 8.2 Australian Government specific purpose payments for schools by government/non- government, recurrent/capital, Australia, 2012–13 financial year (accrual basis) ($'000)
(a) From 1 January 2009 capital expenditure for government schools is included in the National Schools SPP. For consistency, the National Schools SPP for non-government schools includes capital grants totalling $135.0m.
(b) The Trade Training Centres in Schools Program operates as a 'deemed' national partnership through 'Overarching Funding Agreements' with all government and non-government education authorities.
Note: National partnership payments incorporate recurrent and capital elements with the exception of Digital Education Revolution and Trade Training Centres in Schools, which are capital funding only.
Australian Government Department of Education and Training ; Final Budget Outcome (FBO) 2012–13, pp. 82–3; SCRGSP (Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision) 2015, Report on Government Services 2015 (ROGS)
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