National Report on Schooling in Australia 2011

Funding Australia’s schools

8.2 An overview of government funding of schools in 2011

The funding arrangements introduced by the Australian Government in 2009 are outlined in Part 8.1: Funding arrangements in 2011. Government school funding for 2011 (2010–11 expenditure) reflects the funding arrangements that commenced in 2009 specified in the Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) on Federal Financial Relations.
Federal and State and Territory government recurrent expenditure on school education in Australia for 2011 was $44.3 billion. This is illustrated in Figure 8.1, broken down by government funding sources.

Figure 8.1 Recurrent government funding for school education, Australia, 2010–11 (accrual basis)

Figure 8.1_Recurrent_government

Notes:

Depreciation and user cost of capital expenses relating to government schools have been attributed to States/Territories based on ownership of the underlying assets. A portion of these assets will have been acquired through Australian Government capital contributions, with States and Territories responsible for maintenance costs. Australian Government expenditure data in this table include only Australian Government specific purpose payments. Other Australian Government funding for schools and students is not included.

Student numbers are 2010–11 average full-time equivalent (FTE) student populations.

Sources: Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, Report on Government Services 2013, Tables 4A.6–7; MCEECDYA, National Schools Statistics Collection (NSSC), 2011

See also Part 9: Additional Statistics Table 49, Table 55 and Table 60

Growth in recurrent funding between 2010 and 2011 is outlined as follows:

  • All schools expenditure increased by 6.0 per cent.
    Operating expenditure rose from $41.8 billion in 2009–10 to $44.3 billion in 2010–11, an increase of $2.5 billion.

  • Government school sector expenditure increased by 4.8 per cent.
    Operating expenditure rose from $32.9 billion in 2009–10 to $34.5 billion in 2010–11, an increase of $1.6 billion.

  • Non-government school sector expenditure increased by 10.6 per cent.
    Operating expenditure rose from $8.9 billion in 2009–10 to $9.8 billion in 2010–11, an increase of $0.9 billion.

In 2011, the government school sector received 77.8 per cent of recurrent government funding while the non-government sector received 22.2 per cent.

Total government school education funding, on a student per capita basis, was on average $15,002 for the government sector and $8,092 for the non-government sector.

Table 8.1 below indicates the total government funding and student per capita funding from Australian and State/Territory levels of government to the government and non-government sectors.

Table 8.1 Recurrent government funding for school education, Australia, 2010–11 financial year (accrual basis)

2011 government funding to schools

Government

Non-government

Total

($ billion and $ per capita)

($ billion)

$ per FTE student

($ billion)

$ per FTE student

($ billion)

$ per FTE student

State and Territory governments

30.558

13,299

2.700

2,221

33.258

9,466

Australian Government

3.913

1,703

7.137

5,871

11.050

3,145

Total Australian/State/Territory government funding

34.471

15,002

9.837

8,092

44.308

12,611

Average FTE students(a)

2,297,790

1,215,753

3,513,543

(a) Average number of full-time equivalent (FTE) students, 2010 and 2011 calendar years. See Part 10: Glossary for definition of FTE.

Note:

Components may not add to totals due to rounding.

Sources: Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, Report on Government Services 2013, Tables 4A.6, 4A.7, 4A.11, 4A.13, 4A.14; MCEECDYA, National Schools Statistics Collection (NSSC), 2011

See also Part 9: Additional Statistics Table 49, Table 50 and Table 51

Total government funding per student over the past five years is outlined in the graph and table, Figure 8.2. This shows government school per student recurrent funding increasing over this period at a greater rate than for the non-government school sector.

The growth in government school student per capita recurrent funding reflects award increases, government initiatives and also incorporates the changes in funding arrangements under the Federal Financial Relations Act 2009 by the Australian Government from 1 January 2009 when there was an increase in government funding per primary student, a new broadbanded specific purpose payment, which included former capital funding in the recurrent base, and National Partnership funding.

Primary student government funding increased from 8.9 per cent of the Average Government School Recurrent Costs (AGSRC) to 10.0 per cent of the AGSRC, and the percentage is now in line with government secondary schools per capita funding. National Partnership funding began in 2009 and expenditure on these programs started to be reflected in increased expenditures.

Funding movements within and between government and non-government schooling also reflect student profiles and related targeted needs funding.

Figure 8.2 Total government per capita recurrent funding, government and non-government schools, 2006–07 to
2010–11 (actual $ per FTE)

Figure 8.2_Total_government_per_capita_recurrent_funding_government_and_non-government_master

 

Figure 8.2 – source data ($)
2006–07
2007–08
2008–09
2009–10
2010–11
Government schools
11,874
12,639
13,544
14,380
15,002
Non-government schools
6,440
6,606
6,851
7,427
8,092

Sources: Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, Report on Government Services 2013, Productivity Commission, Canberra, Tables 4A.11, 4A.13; MCEECDYA National Schools Statistics Collection (NSSC), 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011

 

See also Part 9: Additional StatisticsTable 49, Table 50 and Table 51 for government school data.

Table 8.2 reflects the Australian Government’s funding agreements commenced in 2009, which incorporate National Schools SPP and National Partnership funding; and the Nation Building and Jobs Plan, which incorporates Building the Education Revolution. The Nation Building and Jobs Plan program includes recurrent and capital expenditure elements.

Table 8.2 Australian Government specific purpose payments for schools by government/non-government,
recurrent/capital, Australia, 2010
–11 financial year (accrual basis) ($'000)

Australia

Government schools

Recurrent expenditure

National Schools SPP(a)

3,550,719

Total recurrent government schools(a)

3,550,719

Capital expenditure

Capital grants allocation(a)

0

Total capital government schools

0

Total recurrent & capital government schools

3,550,719

National Partnership payments

Smarter Schools

• Improving Teacher Quality

24,231

• Literacy and Numeracy

118,782

• Low SES School Communities

181,111

Digital Education Revolution

62,946

Trade Training Centres in Schools(b)

190,606

Closing the Gap – Northern Territory

• Teacher housing(c)

3,680

• Quality teaching, accelerated literacy

16,290

• Supporting remote schools – additional teachers

29,200

Total National Partnerships

626,846

Total National Partnerships, recurrent & capital government schools

4,177,565

Nation Building and Jobs Plan

Building the Education Revolution

3,714,239

Total Nation Building & Jobs Plan

3,714,239

Total Nation Building & Jobs Plan, National Partnerships, recurrent & capital government schools

7,891,804

Non-government schools

Recurrent expenditure

National Schools SPP(a)

7,085,608

Total recurrent non-government schools

7,085,608

Capital expenditure

Capital grants allocation(a)

0

Total capital non-government schools

0

Total recurrent & capital non-government schools

7,085,608

National Partnership payments

Smarter Schools

• Improving Teacher Quality

9,770

• Literacy and Numeracy

19,680

• Low SES School Communities

22,150

Digital Education Revolution

37,000

Trade Training Centres in Schools(b)

68,368

Closing the Gap – Northern Territory

• Teacher housing

516

Total National Partnerships

157,484

Total recurrent, capital & National Partnerships

7,243,092

Nation Building and Jobs Plan

Building the Education Revolution

1,645,127

Total Nation Building and Jobs Plan non-government schools

1,645,127

Total recurrent, capital, National Partnerships and Nation Building & Jobs Plan
non-government schools

8,888,219

All schools

Total recurrent

10,636,327

Total capital(a)

0

Total National Partnership payments

784,330

Total Nation Building & Jobs Plan

5,359,366

Total

16,780,023

(a) From 1 January 2009 capital expenditure for government schools is included in the National Schools SPP. For consistency, the National Schools SPP for non-government schools includes capital grants totalling $125.2 m.

(b) The Trade Training Centres in Schools Program operates as a 'deemed' National Partnership through 'Overarching Funding Agreements' with all government and non-government education authorities.

(c) This amount includes $80,000 relating to Closing the Gap – Northern Territory Teacher Housing Program that was not included in the Report on Government Services 2013.

Notes:

Components may not add to totals due to rounding.

Expenditure in respect to a certain program year can be incurred in subsequent years.

National Partnership payments incorporate recurrent and capital elements with the exception of Digital Education Revolution and Trade Training Centres in Schools, which are capital funding only.

Sources: Australian Government DEEWR; Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, Report on Government Services 2013, Table 4A.8

See also Part 9: Additional Statistics Table 60