National Report on Schooling in Australia 2010

Student achievement

5.1 Measuring student achievement: NAPLAN

In 2010, the third year of national literacy and numeracy testing, Year 3, 5, 7 and 9 students in Australia were assessed on the same tests in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions (Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar) and Numeracy. These tests, known as the National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN), were first conducted in May 2008.
NAPLAN tests provide rich, nationally comparable data on student performance across the range of student achievement, providing an indication of how students are performing. The same tests are used in each State and Territory.
Another key aspect of NAPLAN test design is the single scale of achievement across 10 bands from Years 3 to 9 in each domain. Each band for each domain has a summary of skills assessed at each year level. The introduction of the 10 achievement bands from Year 3 to Year 9 means that, as a student advances through schooling, it is possible to see how much progress has been made in each domain.
In April 2011, Education Ministers released the 2010 National Assessment Program Literacy and Numeracy Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy report. The Summary Report was released in September 2010, around the same time that parents received an individual report on their child’s achievement in the NAPLAN tests. The student report shows student performance against the national average and relative to the achievement band scale.
The national report shows results at national and State and Territory levels by achievement levels and/or mean scores, as well as by sex; Indigenous status; language background other than English; geolocation (metropolitan, provincial, remote and very remote); parental education and parental occupation at each year level and for each domain of the test.
NAPLAN results are reported at the school level on the My School website.

Key performance measures

The mean scale scores and proportion of students achieving at or above the national minimum standard in each domain and year level are basic measures of literacy and numeracy achievement in Australian schooling. These are specified as key performance measures (KPMs) in the Measurement Framework for Schooling in Australia.
More information about the assessment scale can be found at http://www.nap.edu.au/Test_Results/How_to_interpret/Scales/index.html.
More information about national minimum standards can be found at http://www.nap.edu.au/Test_Results/How_to_interpret/Standards/index.html.
The proportion of students achieving at or above the national minimum standard and mean scale scores at the national level are reported for Reading in Table 5.1, for Writing in Table 5.2 and for Numeracy in Table 5.3.
The proportion of students participating in NAPLAN for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 for Reading, Writing and Numeracy is also a key performance measure. These proportions are reported in Table 5.4. 
Key Performance Measure 1(a)

Proportion of students achieving at or above the national minimum standard for Reading

Key Performance Measure 1(b)

NAPLAN mean scale scores for Reading

   Table 5.1    Summary for Reading for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 for Australia (% at or above national minimum standards; mean scale scores), 2010
 
 
Year 3
Year 5
Year 7
Year 9
Percentage of students at or above national minimum standard
93.9
91.3
94.9
90.8
CI±
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.4
Mean scale score
(standard deviation)
414.3
(83.3)
487.4
(76.1)
546.0
(68.4)
573.7
(66.2)
 
Notes:
 
Exempt students were not assessed and are deemed not to have met the national minimum standard.
 
CI = Confidence Interval
The percentages reported in this table include 95 per cent confidence intervals.
 
Confidence intervals should be used to compare data within 2010 only.
 
Sources: ACARA, National Assessment Program Literacy and Numeracy Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy 2010; ACARA (unpublished data)

 

Key Performance Measure 1(c)

Proportion of students achieving at or above the national minimum standard for Writing

Key Performance Measure 1(d)

NAPLAN mean scale scores for Writing

   Table 5.2    Summary for Writing for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 for Australia (% at or above national minimum standards; mean scale scores), 2010
 
Year 3
Year 5
Year 7
Year 9
Percentage of students at or above national minimum standard
95.5
93.1
92.6
87.2
CI±
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.5
Mean scale score
(standard deviation)
418.6
(66.8)
485.2
(68.9)
533.5
(72.9)
567.7
(81.4)
 
Notes:
 
Exempt students were not assessed and are deemed not to have met the national minimum standard.
 
CI = Confidence Interval
The percentages reported in this table include 95 per cent confidence intervals.
 
Confidence intervals should be used to compare data within 2010 only.
 
Sources: ACARA, National Assessment Program Literacy and Numeracy Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy 2010; ACARA (unpublished data) 

 

Key Performance Measure 2(a)

Proportion of students achieving at or above the national minimum standard for Numeracy

Key Performance Measure 2(b)

NAPLAN mean scale scores for Numeracy

   Table 5.3    Summary for Numeracy for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 for Australia (% at or above national minimum standards; mean scale scores), 2010
 
Year 3
Year 5
Year 7
Year 9
Percentage of students at or above national minimum standard
94.3
93.7
95.1
93.1
CI±
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
Mean scale score
(standard deviation)
395.4
(71.8)
488.8
(69.9)
547.8
(72.4)
585.1
(70.4)
 

Notes:

Exempt students were not assessed and are deemed not to have met the national minimum standard.

CI = Confidence Interval
The percentages reported in this table include 95 per cent confidence intervals.

Confidence intervals should be used to compare data within 2010 only.

Sources: ACARA, National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy 2010; ACARA (unpublished data) 

 

Key Performance Measure 7(i)

Proportion of students participating in NAPLAN for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 for Reading, Writing and Numeracy

   Table 5.4        Proportion of students participating in NAPLAN for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 for Reading, Writing and Numeracy (per cent)

 

Year 3

Year 5

Year 7

Year 9

Proportion of students participating in Reading

95.5

96.2

96.1

92.9

Proportion of students participating in Writing

95.5

96.2

96.2

93.2

Proportion of students participating in Numeracy

95.3

95.9

95.7

92.5

Notes:

Participation rates are calculated as all assessed and exempt students as a percentage of the total number of students in the year level, as reported by schools, which includes those absent and withdrawn.
 
Exempt students were not assessed and are deemed not to have met the national minimum standard.
 
Sources: ACARA, National Assessment Program Literacy and Numeracy Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy 2010