Equity in education and training outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people has been a policy objective of Australian governments since the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education Policy
was endorsed in 1989.
The Indigenous Education (Targeted Assistance) Act 2000 supported this objective through the provision of funding, with outcomes attained reported annually to the Australian Parliament.
Closing the Gap
The Council of Australian Governments (COAG) has set goals of halving the gap in reading, writing and numeracy achievement between Indigenous and non-Indigenous students by 2018, and of halving the gap in Year 12 or equivalent attainment by 2020.
The Action Plan identifies national, systemic and local level action in six priority domains identified as having the greatest impact on closing the gap:
Readiness for school
Engagement and connections
Literacy and numeracy
Leadership, quality teaching and workforce development
Pathways to real post-school options.
This section of the National Report on Schooling in Australia 2010 includes national data and commentary on:
Key Performance Measures (KPMs) set out in the Measurement Framework for Schooling in Australia, disaggregated, where data are available, by Indigenous status
performance indicators for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander education outcomes prescribed in the National Education Agreement (NEA)
gaps in outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Islander students related to COAG targets.
It adopts, as far as possible, the six domains identified in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education Action Plan as a framework for doing so. For 2010, national data are available for the domains of ‘attendance’ and ‘literacy and numeracy’ only.
Additional information on activities at national and State and Territory level to support outcomes under the domains is available in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education Action Plan 2010–2014 2010 Annual Report.
¹ The Melbourne Declaration, MCEETYA four-year plan 2009–2012 and Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data collections use the term ‘Indigenous’ to refer to Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Where possible, this report uses ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander’ in preference to ‘Indigenous’. However, in some instances, particularly in relation to data, the term ‘Indigenous’ has been retained.