Illustration of Personalised Learning

Analysing language in narrative texts

A teacher of a class of 20 students, of whom 7 are learning English as an Additional Language/Dialect (EAL/D), selects age-appropriate content from the Year 3 English learning area in the Australian Curriculum. The lesson is part of a unit of work that analyses narrative texts and integrates content from the Language, Literature and Literacy strands. The focus of the lesson is identifying the vocabulary choices made by authors and the use of this vocabulary to recount events from a character’s perspective. For the EAL/D students, the lesson includes the consolidation of alphabetic and phonic knowledge, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, text structure and punctuation. The teacher employs a range of supportive teaching strategies to personalise learning. These strategies support and extend students’ written and oral language proficiencies. These include: pair/group(s) discussion, explicit whole-class instruction, individual teacher/student conferencing and peer text construction. In planning and implementing the unit, the teacher draws on various components of ACARA's EAL/D Teacher Resource including the EAL/D learning progression to monitor the students’ language proficiency and the English EAL/D annotated content descriptions. The annotated content descriptions provide relevant teaching strategies and cultural or linguistic considerations implicit in the curriculum content descriptions.

  • Australian Curriculum

    Teacher intention:
    To develop students' Standard Australian English (SAE) language proficiency as they learn how to use vocabulary to construct a literary narrative.
    Learning Area : English Year level: Year 3 Content descriptions : Discuss how language is used to describe the settings in texts, and explore how the settings shape the events and influence the mood of the narrative ACELT1599 Create imaginative texts based on characters, settings and events from students’ own and other cultures using visual features, for example perspective, distance and angle ACELT1601 Listen to and contribute to conversations and discussions to share information and ideas and negotiate in collaborative situations ACELY1676 Learn extended and technical vocabulary and ways of expressing opinion, including modal verbs and adverbs ACELA1484 Identify the audience and purpose of imaginative, informative and persuasive texts ACELY1678

    Learning area: English Year level: Year 3 General Capability: Critical and creative thinking Organising element: Imagine possibilities and connect ideas Level: 3
    General Capability: Critical and creative thinking Organising element: Empathise with others Level: 3
    EAL/D learning progression: Speaking, Listening, Reading, Writing Learning phase: 3, 4, 5, 6

  • Personalised learning

    Plan from age-equivalent learning area content:
    The teacher plans from Year 3 English content to develop a teaching and learning program to explore descriptive language and develop students’ language proficiency to create narrative texts.

    Align individual learning goals with age-equivalent content to personalise the learning:
    Teacher draws of material in the EAL/D Teacher Resource to personalise the learning of her students.
    She uses the EAL/D Learning Progression to identify and monitor the students’ language proficiency in Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing.
    She uses the English EAL/D Annotated content descriptions: English to obtain information about linguistic or cultural considerations implicit in the curriculum content descriptions. She also draws on suggested teaching strategies in this publication.

  • Questions for discussion

    1. How do you use the Australian Curriculum to design activities that are relevant to the diverse learning needs of your students?

    2. What strategies do, or could you use to personalise a teaching and learning program developed from age-equivalent content?

    3. How might you use the EAL/D Teacher Resource to support your teaching of the Australian curriculum content?

  • Professional Standards for Teachers

    Standard 1:  Know students and how they learnFocus area:   1.1
    Physical, social and intellectual development and characteristics of students
    Other focus area:
    Focus area:   1.3
    Students with diverse linguistic, cultural, religious and socioeconomic backgrounds
    Standard 2:  Know the content and how to teach itFocus area:   2.3
    Curriculum, assessment and reporting

  • School context

    Highgate Primary SchoolPerth, WA
    School type: GovernmentYear level: Year 3School sector: PrimarySchool location: Metropolitan
    Highgate Primary is an independent public school in Western Australia offering classes from the Foundation year to year 7. The school has a large population of students for whom English is an additional language or dialect.